R Package - AnalyzeIO


This page explains how to install the R package AnalyzeIO. I assume that you have a basic knowledge of UNIX/LINUX and that you already have R installed on your machine.

AnalyzeIO contains functions that allow ANALYZE image format .img and .hdr files to be read into R automatically

Included is an R/tk interfaced GUI which can used to explore an fMRI dataset stored in an ANALYZE format .img file. Screenshots.

I created this package for two reasons.

(1) These functions provide an interface between R and ANALYZE files. Many fMRI datasets are stored in this format and R provides a very flexible platform upon which to explore and analyze these datasets. I hope this may be useful to other Statisticians/Researchers.

(2) I wanted to practise how to create a R package! To do this i used the book `S Programming' by Venables and Ripley and the on-line R documentation available at http://www.ci.tuwien.ac.at/R/

If you have any problems/suggestions using this package, please email me on marchini@stats.ox.ac.uk


17/05/2001 - Version 0.1.1

16/07/2001 - Version 0.1.2


1. Download the g-zipped tar archive  AnalyzeIO_0.1.2.tar.gz

2. Unzip the file using gunzip AnalyzeIO_0.1.2.tar.gz

3. Unpack the archive using   tar -xvf AnalyzeIO_0.1.2.tar

This will create a directory called AnalyzeIO and the files example.img and example.hdr (see EXAMPLES)

4.  Install the package using     R CMD INSTALL -l /path/to/LIB AnalyzeIO

/path/to/LIB should be the library directory where you wish to put the package.

If you have root access to your machine then use      R CMD INSTALL AnalyzeIO

and the package will be put into the default R library tree.

5. You can then start an R session and load the package using


or     library(AnalyzeIO) (if you installed the package into the default R library tree)

6. Use the EXAMPLES section to see how the functions work.


The package contains the following functions

f.read.analyze.header - reads a .hdr file and returns it as a list
f.read.analyze.volume - reads in a .img file into an array
f.read.analyze.slice - reads in a specified slice from a .img file
f.read.analyze.slice.at.all.time.points - reads in a specified slice from a .img file
f.read.analyze.ts - reads in a specified time series from a .img file
f.analyze.file.summary - summarises the contents of a .img file
f.spectral.summary - plots a graphical summary of the frequency characteristics of an fMRI dataset stored in a .img file
f.basic.hdr.list.create - creates a basic list that can be used to write a .hdr file
f.write.analyze - creates a .img and .hdr pair of files froma given array
f.write.array.to.img.2bytes - writes an array into a .img file of 2 byte integers
f.write.array.to.img.float - writes an array into a .img file of 4 byte flotas
f.write.list.to.hdr - writes a list to a .hdr file
f.analyzeIO.gui - starts a GUI that allows the user to explore an fMRI dataset stored in an ANALYZE format .img file

The functions come with help files


During the installation the two file example.img and example.hdr will have been unpacked. These are required for the following examples.

The file example.img is a 4D fMRI dataset. There are 21 axial slices each consisting of a 64x64 grid of 4mmx4mmx6mm voxels. There is only
one time point.

For the purpose of this example I assume you have put them in the same directory in which you started an R session.

1.  Load the package AnalyzeIO  (as described above).

3. Get a summary of the data stored in the .img file using

[1]        File name: ./example.img
[1]   Data Dimension: 4-D
[1]      X dimension: 64
[1]      Y dimension: 64
[1]      Z dimension: 21
[1]   Time dimension: 1 time points
[1] Voxel dimensions: 4mmx4mmx6mm
[1]        Data type: signed short (16 bits per voxel)

4. Read in the data from the .img file into an array using


5. Check the dimensions of the array

[1] 64 64 21  1

6. Print out a slice of the dataset using


7. Read in a specific slice


and plot it using


8. Read in a time series from a given location


NB. Because example.img consists of only one time point this will only return one value

9. Create an array and save it in a file of 4 byte floats


10. The GUI can be started using

 >f.analyzeIO.gui()     NB. This depends on tcltk package

 (a) Navigate to a .img file using the Select File button.

 (b) Select on of the options

  (i) File Summary - prints a summary of the files contents
  (ii) Plot Time Series - plots a time series at a given location (x,y,z)
  (iii) Plot Periodogram - plots the periodogram of a time series at a given location (x,y,z)
  (iv) Image Slice - plots a slice (z,t)
  (v) Image Volume - plots an entire volume (t)
  (vi) Movie - iteratively plots a movie through time of a given slice (z)
  (vii) Spectral Summary - provides a graphical view of the spectral properties of an fMRI dataset (see R function f.spectral.summary for details)

 (c) Enter the required arguements for your option selection (see in brackets above)

 (d) Press OK.

 (e) You will be able to repeat if you want or press quit to stop the GUI.

  See screenshots here


If you have any problems/suggestions using this package, please email me on marchini@stats.ox.ac.uk